Filed under: General health. Tagged as: General health.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture provides substantial assistance through cash and through distribution of commodities to programs designed to improve the nutrition of children. The largest of these programs is the School Lunch which is now available in most of the elementary and secondary schools. The Type A lunch consists of 1/2 pint milk; 2 ounces of meat, fish, poultry, cheese, or alternate of egg, cooked beans or peas, or peanut butter; 2 servings (at least 3/4 cup) of vegetables and fruit; and 1 slice whole-grain or enriched bread or rolls, muffins, corn bread, or biscuits. This lunch furnishes about one third of the recommended allowances.
The Breakfast Program is expanding especially in schools located in low-income areas since it has been shown that many children come to school without breakfast. A breakfast includes milk; fruit or fruit or vegetable juice; bread, biscuits, or muffins; and .cereal. In some situations eggs, cheese, meat, fish, or poultry may be included.
Child-care centers, summer school programs, and camps are also aided by cash and commodity distribution. The Special Milk Program provides reimbursement to defray the cost of milk. Children in schools may purchase the milk below cost or without cost if they are from families with low income.
The WIC Program provides food supplements for women, infants, and children under 4 years who are at high risk and who have limited incomes. Vouchers are issued for the purchase of foods to supplement their otherwise inadequate diets.