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TAKING CARE OF YOUR SKIN: ENEMIES, DISASTER DRUGS FOR SKIN

by admin - March 29th, 2011

Know Your Skin’s Enemies
No matter how terrific your skin might be, it has enemies. And they are ruthless. By being aware of those, who the bad guys are and what they can do, you will help to protect your skin from unnecessary harm.

Disaster Drugs for Your Skin
There are indeed times when drugs can work miracles, but very often they can wreak havoc on your skin. Unfortunately, most doctors never mention the cosmetic side effects a particularly medication might have, which is why I’ve compiled the following list. It is not all-inclusive, but should let you know that if a dermatological side effect does occur because of the medication you’re taking, you can at least ask your doctor about the possibility of taking an alternative drug.
Drug                 Possible Cosmetic Side Effect
Amytal                       Skin rash, swollen eyelids, itchy skin
Dalmane                    Rash, flushes
Dexedrine                  Itchy skin, swollen patches
Equanil                     Welts, rash, dermatitis
Librium                      Pimples
Miltown                     Welts, flaking skin, itching
Nembutal                   Rash
Phenobarbital            Rash, itchy skin, swollen eyelids
Placidyl                      Itchy skin, swollen patches
Tetracycline               Sunburn and possible yellowing of skin exposed to sun
Tofranil                     Itchy skin, rash, jaundice
Tuinal                        Can aggravate existing skin conditions
Valium                       Jaundice, rash, swollen patches
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INVESTIGATIONS OF HEADACHES: ARTERIOGRAPHY AND AIR ENCEPHALOGRAPHY

by admin - March 21st, 2011

These investigations reveal a good deal because the size and shape of the blood vessels can be seen. This is not only important with someone at risk from a stroke, when a blockage or narrowing of an artery can be revealed and treated, but also because other abnormalities of the vessels can be seen, for example, a balloon-like distension (aneurysm) found at the junction of two vessels making up the circle of Willis. This can cause headache as well as pressure on sensitive structures leading to paralysis of one of the cranial nerves. Small leaks from such an aneurysm, or tiny expansions of it, can cause headaches resembling migraine. If it bursts, the consequent hemorrhage can be catastrophic.
Another abnormality is a growth of blood vessels rather like the strawberry birthmark seen on the skin. These are called arteriovenous malformations and vary in size; their presence will be suspected if the doctor hears a murmur, the noise of turbulent blood. These malformations cause a number of symptoms; e.g. epilepsy or hemorrhage. They may occasionally cause weakness of one side of the body, and can also be associated with a migraine-like syndrome, as in the following case:
A 24-year-old man came to the migraine clinic complaining of headache over the right side of his head associated with usual symptoms of classical migraine. Careful examination revealed no abnormality and skull X-rays, EEG, and isotope brain scan were all normal. The condition was treated as migraine and the patient responded well. Within a few weeks he collapsed at work having had a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Arteriography revealed a small arteriovenous malformation in the front part of the brain. He was operated on, the malformation successfully removed and he suffered no further headaches.
The cerebrospinal fluid is produced in spaces within the brain (the ventricles) and circulates through to the surface of the brain where it bathes the brain and spinal cord and is then re-absorbed. Air encephalography is performed by replacing the cerebrospinal fluid obtained by lumbar puncture with air. The air bubble enters the ventricles and, being of a different density to brain and cerebrospinal fluid, is seen as a dark area on the X-ray; any abnormalities in brain structure will be clearly shown.
Following encephalography the patient must lie flat for a day to prevent the development of headache which is caused by traction on the dura as the brain sags slightly because of low pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid. (A similar headache may be experienced when the patient is dehydrated, or as part of the ‘hangover’ following excessive alcohol intake.)

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IS PERSONAL HYGIENE IMPORTANT IN MAKING LOVE?

by admin - March 16th, 2011

Even closest people when they are making love want to be in their best form, neat and clean so that their love making becomes a beautiful experience. Dirtiness is one of the greatest turn offs in any relationship. Even bad breath may cause disappointment to another partner. Natural body smell of genitals may repel each other.
What type of cleanliness is necessary before sex?
It is better to have all over wash or at least the genital area is made scrupulously clean. Give your teeth a cleaning or use mouth wash if bad smell exists because nobody likes smelling kisses. Certain people prefer perfumes to be sprayed.
Is oral sex more unhygienic?
Yes if your private parts are not clean arid are producing atypical foul smell. To some people oral sex may seem unnatural »and dirty but such feelings are really a reflection of personal feelings and aptitude. As long as both partners are fresh arid clean, oral sex is not more risky than any conventional way of love making: Oral sex can also result in veneral diseases. Woman must not be a patient of leucorrhoea or V.D.
What type of hygienic measures are advised after sex?
Thorough washing of genitals with soap and water will serve the
purpose. But there is no need to leap out of each others arm for this
just after the orgasm.
Passing urine has the additional benefit to flu shout the urethra
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HOW CAN TUBERCULOSIS BE PREVENTED IN PEOPLE WITH HIV INFECTION?

by admin - February 21st, 2011

Tuberculosis (ТВ) is a disease caused by a germ called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It normally affects the lungs, but can also infect other parts of the body. Tuberculosis may be latent or active. “Latent” means that the bacteria are in the body but do not cause any symptoms. People with latent tuberculosis cannot spread the infection to others. Since HIV infection weakens the body’s natural defence mechanism, the bacteria can begin to multiply and cause active tuberculosis. This means that there will be symptoms. A person with tuberculosis can infect other people only if the infection is present in the lungs. A person with HIV infection and tuberculosis is said to have AIDS.
As mentioned earlier, the risk of getting tuberculosis infection increases in people with HIV infection who are working in hospitals and clinics. This is because they are at higher risk of coming in contact with people with active tuberculosis. As far as possible, people with HIV infection should therefore avoid coming in close contact with any person with active tuberculosis. They can be in contact with a person who has been taking medicines for a few weeks to cure tuberculosis.
Some medical practitioners recommend that people who have voluntarily tested for HIV infection and are positive should also be tested for tuberculosis. This is done through a skin test called tuberculin test. In this test, a small amount of testing fluid (called tuberculin) is injected just under the skin on the arm. The results are read after two or three days. In case the test result is positive, it indicates latent tuberculosis. In such cases, additional tests such as x-ray of the chest and examination of the sputum are normally recommended to detect active tuberculosis, if any.
In case the skin test is negative for tuberculosis, it is recommended that the test be repeated at least once a year, especially if there is a greater risk of getting the infection.
Some medicines are often recommended for people with latent tuberculosis in order to prevent it from becoming active. One of the most commonly used medicine is isoniazid along with a vitamin called pyridoxine to prevent peripheral neuropathy, a disorder of the nervous system.
This treatment is normally recommended for about twelve months because the tuberculosis bacteria die very slowly. Isoniazid is not recommended during the first three months of pregnancy.
In case isoniazid is not effective in preventing tuberculosis or is contraindicated, other medicines such as rifampicin are recommend to prevent active tuberculosis.
The medicines recommended for treatment of tuberculosis are the same for people with or without HIV Infection. There are several medicines and the doctor is the best person to decide the combination of medicines that is most likely to be effective.
The symptoms normally disappear a few weeks after starting the treatment but since the bacteria takes a long time to die, the treatment is recommended at least for about six to nine months.
Irregular treatment prevents complete cure of tuberculosis. It can also lead to drug resistance. This means that the bacteria are not killed by the medicines being taken. People who have drug-resistant tuberculosis can transmit the resistant bacteria to others.
This means that the person who has contracted the infection will also not respond to the medicines. When several medicines fail to kill the bacteria, the tuberculosis is called “multidrug-resistant” tuberculosis. In India, the number of people with drug resistant and multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis is increasing rapidly.
Detailed information on the different medicines recommended for treatment of tuberculosis, their recommended doses, duration of treatment and common side-effects can be discussed with the doctor or attending physician.
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HERBAL REMEDIES

by admin - February 16th, 2011

Largely derived from Ayurvedic or traditional Chinese medicine, herbal medications now fill supermarket and pharmacy shelves across America. Fueled by mass advertising and promoted as part of multiple vitamin and mineral regimens by major drug manufacturers, herbal supplements represent the hottest trend in the health market. But do they have real benefits? We know that over-the-counter medications have been through rigorous testing to prove effectiveness. Herbal supplements, on the other hand, have not been measured by the same standards of efficacy. How do we know if the purported benefits are real?
To be a wise consumer of the great variety of herbal remedies available in health food stores and supermarkets, there are a few things you should know. Tinctures (extracts of fresh or dried plants) usually contain a high percentage of grain alcohol to prevent spoilage and are among the best herbal options. Freeze-dried extracts are also very stable and offer good value for your money. Standardized extracts are also among the more reliable forms of herbal preparations. In general, herbal medicines tend to be milder than chemical drugs and produce their effects more slowly; they also are much less likely to cause toxicity because they are diluted forms of drugs rather than concentrated forms. It is important to note, however, that too much of even the most seemingly harmless herb may cause problems, particularly those from non-standardized extracts. Remember that herbals are drugs and should not be taken casually, any more than you would take over-the-counter or prescription drugs without really needing them or knowing their side effects. Though the word natural may make herbal remedies sound safe and comforting, remember that they have many of the same chemicals as synthetic prescription drugs.
Perhaps most important, remember that even though herbal supplements are growing in popularity, herbs are not panaceas. Some of them work; many do not. Some may react with prescription drugs or cause side effects that are unusual. Unfortunately, because herbs are classified by the government as foods, not drugs, they are not subject to the same rigorous evaluation and testing that the FDA completes for virtually every medicine on the market.
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IF YOUR COLON IS INFLAMED: GENTLE CLEANSERS

by admin - February 6th, 2011

If the lining of the bowel is inflamed and swollen you could experience a lot of discomfort, and mucus or blood in the stool. Your doctor must always investigate this. Swelling in the lumen of the bowel often produces a flat, ribbon-like stool, which although it is soft can be difficult to pass. Old faeces can cling to the wall of the bowel and cause infection or inflammation. If your bowel is inflamed you will need to gently loosen this material, heal the lining and restore the balance of the gut flora by giving up junk foods and taking supplements. An inflamed bowel should not be attacked by laxatives or taking bran.
Gentle Cleansers
Psyllium husks or powder (available in health food stores or pharmacies) and slippery elm bark (a brown powder available from some health food stores and all nutritionists), taken with plenty of water, are gentle cleansers. When you start the psyllium you might find it gives you more wind, so start with half a teaspoonful and then graduate to the suggested dosage on the package – or follow the advice of your nutritionist. This supplement works well but you have
to be patient. It could be several days before you are easily passing a soft but formed bulky stool. If your stool is very loose take this supplement with as little water as possible. You should not have any troubles with the slippery elm. It has a soothing effect on the whole of the digestive system and, incidentally, is also beneficial for the heart. One teaspoonful three times daily can be taken until
symptoms improve.
Cleansing the bowel and healing with supplements need not go on for ever. When your symptoms improve you can gradually phase them out and use them intermittently when you feel you need them. In addition to the above you will need to avoid stress, keep to a healthy diet, drink plenty of water and take daily exercise (particularly walking) as much as possible. If you are elderly and cannot move about much, abdominal breathing and simple stretching exercises sitting in a chair will help.
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DECISION-MAKING: THE RISKS AND BENEFITS OF THE DECISIONS

by admin - January 16th, 2011

Some decisions in medicine are clear and easy, others are more difficult. If your physician thinks your child has appendicitis, not operating could lead to a ruptured appendix and infection resulting in, at least, a severe illness and, at worst, death. The risks of operating are small with modern anesthesia, but there is a small risk of death and of infection with any operation. Comparing the risks of surgery with those of not operating, virtually anyone would recommend surgery. But suppose the signs of appendicitis are not clear and there is only some tenderness in her abdomen. Your doctor might postpone surgery because the risks of an operation might be greater than the risks of waiting. As the child is observed, the time may come when the risks of waiting outweigh the risks and consequences of surgery.
As we talk about the risks and benefits of the decisions you will now have to make about your child and her seizure management, keep in mind that:
• There will be risks and benefits to each decision you make or don’t make;
• These risks and benefits will vary greatly in their consequences and in the magnitude of the consequence, both good and bad;
• The risks and benefits are yours and your child’s, not your physician’s;
• Frequently there are no “correct” or “incorrect” decisions, as  far as we can see. Different people will come to different decisions. However, there are always consequences to whatever decision is made or not made and they must be assessed in advance as far as is possible.
No one can accurately predict the future. Consequences are not always foreseeable. Therefore, you and your physician must always make the best decision possible without feeling guilty if things don’t work out the way you planned.
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WHAT IS DIABETES? ROLE OF DIET AND INSULIN

by admin - January 10th, 2011

In a normal Person : The body’s fuel is glucose, which comes from the food we eat. All types of food can convert into glucose but carbohydrate (Cereals rice, flour, bread, table sugar etc.) are most easily converted and form rapidly available source of energy.
Food we eat, is rapidly converted into glucose or simple sugar at the end of digestion. Subsequently glucose leaves the intestine and enter into blood circulation through which it travels to the liver and all the tissues and cells.
Role of Insulin :
Insulin facilitates entry of glucose inside cells particularly in muscles where it is partly broken down and gives energy and partly stored in the form of glycogen for future use.
During the period of prolonged starvation and in between the meals, the body needs energy. Brain had to have 6 grams of glucose every hour. Insulin is a coordinator which ensures a constant fuel supply to the brain and other parts of our body.
During starvation : As the body’s sugar level falls, the level of insulin also falls which stimulates liver to produce and liberate some of its store of sugar and thus keeps the blood glucose concentration in normal range.
So, when insulin levels are low or non-existent, the liver becomes a factory, producing sugar. This process is precisely controlled. As soon as the blood sugar level rises again, the pancreas automatically produces insulin and  switches off the liver.
‘When insulin levels are low for any reason the body makes sugar’.
In a diabetic person diabetes develops when there is an absolute or relative lack of production of insulin from pancreas.
In a diabetic patient with deficiency of insulin (a) Glucose uptake by the tissue is reduced (b) Glucose production in the liver is increased thus net result is rise in blood glucose above the normal range
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HEART DISEASE: EXERCISE FOR HOME TREATMENT – SLEEP

by admin - January 3rd, 2011

Many of those with heart trouble sleep badly. This is mainly due to worry which, in the first instance, may be about their ailment; this tendency is widespread among cardiac patients. However, within a short time the situation is aggravated by anxiety about insomnia, and then normal sleep may become impossible. (In passing we should note that the so-called ‘sleep’ produced by sleeping-drugs bears little or no relationship to natural sleep. Whereas in natural sleep a tremendous amount of repair, maintenance and readjustment occurs, both in the physical body and in the mind, in drugged unconsciousness there is a more or less complete absence of these activities. The individual awaking from natural sleep feels refreshed; on regaining consciousness from drugged sleep the person is literally, dopey.)
Despite an enormous amount of experimental evidence, gathered with the help of ingenious electronic equipment in recent years, there remains an almost total general ignorance about the true nature and function of sleep. What naturopaths discovered by simple observation some sixty years ago has been confirmed and analysed by modern techniques, but the practical application of that knowledge is still sadly limited. The subject as a whole is too vast even to outline here, but several aspects may be briefly mentioned, as of fairly direct concern to the cardiac patient.
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OVERCOMING CANCER: LEARNING TO RELAX AND VISUALIZE RECOVERY

by admin - December 27th, 2010

The first step in getting well is to understand how your beliefs and emotional responses have contributed to your illness. The next step is to find ways of influencing those responses in support of your treatment. In this chapter we will tell you about a relaxation process for reducing the effect on уоur body of stress and tension associated with the onset of cancer and with the fear of the disease, which itself becomes a major source of stress. We will also show you how to use mental imagery, once you are relaxed, to create positive beliefs that will activate your body’s defenses against disease.
For many cancer patients, the body has become the enemy. It has betrayed them by getting sick and threatening their lives. They feel alienated from it and mistrust its ability to combat their disease. Learning to relax and influence the body, on the other hand, helps people accept their body once again and their ability to work with it toward health. The body again becomes a source of pleasure and comfort and an important source of feedback on how effectively people are living life.
Relaxation also helps reduce fear, which can become overwhelming at times with a life-threatening disease. Cancer patients are often terrified they will die a prolonged, painful death, impoverishing their families through medical expenses, and doing their children psychological harm by the absence of a parent. Such fears make it almost impossible for patients to develop a positive expectancy about the outcome of their illness. But learning to relax physically helps them break the cycle of tension and fear. For a few minutes at least, while (hey are relaxing their bodies, cancer is not the overriding reality of their lives. Many patients report that they have a different perspective and renewed energy after using relaxation techniques. It appears to be a way of recharging their batteries. With the fear reduced, it is easier to develop a more positive expectancy, resulting in a further decrease in fear.
It is important to note that, in clinical terms, relaxation does not mean spending an evening in front of the television, having a few drinks, or talking with friends. Although these certainly can be pleasurable activities, laboratory studies show that such forms of “relaxation” do not result in an adequate discharge of the physical effects of stress.
Regular physical exertion is one way of unstressing. Regular exercise acts out the equivalent of the “fight-or-flee” response, which we discussed in Chapter 4, permitting the body to discharge the buildup of tension. It is not accidental, in our opinion, that many patients who have done very well in our program engage in some form of regular physical exercise. Many joggers and runners say that running is their “therapy” and that during the running, they are able to get a perspective on their problems that they cannot get just by thinking about them. (Later in the book we have a chapter devoted to this subject.)
Still, it is not always possible for people to engage in physical activity whenever they feel stressed. Modern life often requires considerable effort to handle all the arrangements necessary for physical activity. Fortunately, researchers have developed a variety of simple relaxation techniques— certain forms of meditation and progressive relaxation, autogenic training, and self-hypnosis, to name a few. Most of these techniques involve some form of mental concentration. People may focus their attention on a symbol or a series of mental images designed to calm the mind, or they may go through a series of instructions in their mind to relax the body.
Dr. Herbert Benson of Harvard University has documented the positive physical benefits of several of these techniques for reducing stress in his book, The Relaxation Response. Although all of the body’s physiological responses to these various mental relaxation techniques may not be understood, research has amply demonstrated that the techniques discharge the effects of stress to a much greater degree than do the activities conventionally considered relaxing.
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